Proposals for the expansion of gambling in Indiana could be put on hold if a definition of “expansion” is not agreed before next year´s legislative session.
If you thought introducing gambling legislation was not difficult enough, lawmakers in Indiana have just given themselves another hurdle to overcome by deciding that they first need to define the word
The need for a definition has come about after the State´s Governor – Mike Pence – said he would not support any expansion of gambling in Indiana, but declined to say what he considered to be an expansion.
Supporters of the gambling industry believe that Pence is asking the state´s lawmakers to come up with new ways to support the ailing industry and increase tax revenues from gambling, after the State´s income fell almost $100 million in 2013 – forcing major cuts in other areas of the budget.
Blame Ohio – Everybody Else Does
The blame for the decline in revenues has been shoved over the border to neighboring Ohio. In 2010 the State of Ohio passed legislation that allowed for four new casinos including the massive 100,000 sq. foot Horseshoe Casino in Cincinnati on the Indiana/Ohio border.
The four new casinos currently generate $70 million in revenue per month – which is taxed at a rate of 33 percent – while tax revenues from Gross Gaming Revenue in Indiana have fallen from $686 million in 2013 to $596 million this year. Indiana also charges an “Admission Tax”, which produced revenues of $58 million this year – down from $68 million in 2013.
By comparison to Ohio´s luxury venues, Indiana´s gambling facilities are limited to ten riverboat casinos moored on Lake Michigan and the Ohio River, and one relatively modest land-based casino at French Lick. Video Lottery Terminals (VLTs) are also allowed at the State´s two racetracks.
What Indiana´s Gambling Operators Hope to Change
The main proposals for the 2015 legislative sessions are to pull out some of the slot machines and VLTs, and replace them with live dealer tables. At the French Lick Casino for example, the venue has 1,300 slot machines but just 37 live dealer tables (compared to 87 tables at the Horseshoe Casino in Cincinnati).
The two racetracks at Indiana Downs and Hoosier Park would be the biggest beneficiaries of this change, and Jim Brown – the President of Centaur Gaming who owns the two racetracks – has indicated that the passing of legislation allowing them to offer live dealer games could result in significant benefits to the state and local communities. Addressing Indiana´s Public Policy Interim Study Committee, Brown said:
Live table games would result in economic benefits to the state of Indiana and our hosting communities including net 600 new good paying jobs, increased wagering tax revenues, host community revenues, sales and income tax revenues, and additional capital investment revenues, construction jobs and spending.
When is an Expansion not an Expansion?
By replacing one
unit of gambling with another, the gambling industry hopes to circumnavigate Governor Pence´s refusal to support an expansion of gambling in Indiana – a state renowned for its gambling history and which once generated more revenues from gambling than from personal income taxes.
Not surprisingly there have been no attempts to introduce a bill to regulate online poker – which is classified as a Class B misdemeanor under § 35-45-5 of the Indiana Code and which (unusually) includes a section on gambling over the Internet.
Indiana´s population of 6.5 million would not produce much of an online poker market, and online poker companies are pursuing regulation in more substantial markets. Furthermore, Indiana´s online community already has plenty of options available.